19th May - Tudor Queen Anne Boleyn is executed in 1523. Mughal Queen Mariam-uz-Zamani "Jodhaa Bai" dies after reigning for 43 years in 1623.
As the lives of these disparate individuals unfold, we see how each illustrates an aspect of the Renaissance—its art, its philosophy, and its wars. Borgia was the actor strutting the boards, Machiavelli plotted the devious scripts, while Leonardo painted the set and designed the ingenious mechanical devices that shifted the sceneries. The tempetous history of Italy during the Renaissance produced men of genious as well as ogres, many of the greatest works of art known to humanity, and ambitious schemes the like of which had never been seen before. Dark and horrendous events frequently underlay the glories of the Renaissance, and both horror and glory ran through the lives of Leonardo, Machiavelli and Borgia. Paul Strathern [x]
Queen Consorts of England
an important factual presentation by me
All the facts.
→ ” Queen Catherine, in imitation of her mother Isabel and imbued by the spirit of her father… made a splendid oration to the English captains, told them to be ready to defend their territory, that the Lord smiled upon those who stood in defence of their own, and they should remember that English courage excelled that of all nations. “
for those not in the know, night witches were russian lady bombers who bombed the shit out of german lines in WW2. Thing is though, they had the oldest, noisiest, crappest planes in the entire world. The engines used to conk out halfway through their missions, so they had to climb out on the wings mid flight to restart the props. the planes were also so noisy that to stop germans from hearing them combing and starting up their anti aircraft guns, they’d climb up to a certain height, coast down to german positions, drop their bombs, restart their engines in midair, and get the fuck out of dodge.
their leader flew over 200 missions and was never captured.
how the fuck is this not taught in every single history class ever
girl pilots (◕‿◕✿)
girl pilots killing nazis ✧･ﾟ: *✧･ﾟ:* \(◕ヮ◕✿)/ *:･ﾟ✧*:･ﾟ✧
But, remember, women never did anything in history.
I’m reblogging this again. Always reblogging. Always
African Americans marching near the Capitol building in Washington, D.C., to protest the lynching of four African-Americans in Georgia, 1946
New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection (Library of Congress)
On this day in history…
22 September 1515: Anne of Cleves is born.
Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII, was born in Dusseldorf to John III, Duke of Cleves, and his wife, Maria. Anne’s upbringing was traditional for the daughter of a nobleman in the Holy Roman Empire. Her education was mostly based on more “feminine” pursuits, such as needlework. She was raised to be virtuous, docile, and gentle. Anne could, however, read and write in German (and, eventually, in English.) Unlike young English noblewomen, however, she was not very skilled in the arts, such as music and dancing. She was raised Protestant, but does not seem to have had any strong religious devotion. In 1527, at the age of eleven, Anne was betrothed to Francis, son of the Duke of Lorraine, though the betrothal was broken in 1535. In 1539, urged by his chief advisor, Thomas Cromwell, Henry VIII sought a marital alliance with the Duke of Cleves. Anne left for England that same year, and on 6 January 1540 she became Queen of England and Henry’s fourth wife. The marriage was, however, already doomed to failure. Henry and Anne had met before their marriage, on New Year’s Day, and the encounter was a disaster. The king was disappointed in Anne’s appearance - though his aversion likely sprung more from her German clothing and mannerisms than from her looks. Although he went through with the wedding, Henry was determined to rid himself of Anne. On 24 June - six months after their wedding - Anne was commanded to leave court. The marriage was annulled on 9 July on the grounds that Anne was still betrothed to Francis of Lorraine and that her union with Henry remained unconsummated. Anne willingly (and wisely) agreed to the annulment, and she received a generous settlement as a result. She became “the King’s Beloved Sister” and was given both Richmond Palace and Hever Castle. While her successor as queen, Catherine Howard, was executed within two years, Anne continued to live comfortably in England. She survived Henry, and witnessed two of her previous stepchildren - Edward VI and Mary I - ascend to the throne. She even rode with Mary and Princess Elizabeth in the former’s coronation procession. Anne died at Chelsea Manor on 16 July 1557 at the age of forty-one, and she was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Caroline Matilda had hope that her marriage might be a success after all. Christian, entranced by his new bride, rushed to embrace her when they first met.
→ Q u e e n r e g e n t o f F r a n c e (Anne of Austria, regent to Louis XIV. / Catherine de Medici, regent to Charles IX and Henri III )